How To Read Forex Charts By Types And Patterns? A Complete Guide – One of the first steps you’ll need to take if you want to start trading is learning how to read forex charts. To assist you in getting started, we will here explain how to interpret the four primary types of FX charts.

A currency chart is a visual depiction of the price history of a currency pair. The horizontal x-axis represents time, while the vertical y-axis represents a price. On IG’s trading platforms, you may pick a period, ranging from tick-by-tick to a whole month, to control how frequently new data is plotted on a chart.

What Should You Look For in A Forex Chart?

The four primary types of charts available to forex traders—candlestick, HLOC, line, and mountain—are each read differently. Your choice of the chart will depend on your particular preferences, although candlestick and HLOC charts are the most common since they show a lot more data than line and mountain charts. Here, we examine each style of the chart in further detail:

Chart Patterns:

Continuation Chart Patterns

Chart patterns that suggest the continuation of the main trend are formed throughout an ongoing trend. Regularly occurring during periods of price consolidation, continuation chart patterns provide excellent chances for traders to initiate trades in the direction of the prevailing trend. The directional wedge, flag, and pennant patterns are the most typical continuation chart patterns. Retracement-style patterns like this develop, and a breakthrough in the direction of the main trend indicates that the brief retreat has ended.

Reversal Chart Patterns

When a strong trend is poised to reverse, reversal chart patterns develop. The patterns on the chart indicate that a current trend’s impetus has waned and the market is poised to reverse. A reversal chart pattern in an upward trend indicates that the market is likely to turn lower; conversely, a reversal chart pattern in a downward trend indicates that the market is about to turn upward. The straight and reverse head and shoulders, double tops and bottoms, falling and rising wedges, as well as triple tops and triple bottoms, are the most typical reversal chart patterns. Reversal chart patterns appear during lengthy trending periods and indicate price depletion and momentum loss.

Neutral Chart Patterns

Both trending and range markets can have neutral chart patterns, which lack any directional cues. Trading participants should prepare for a price breakthrough in either direction since neutral chart patterns indicate that a significant market change is imminent.

Types of Charts

Nearly all Forex brokers feature free charts in their trading packages for their customers. The charts will also be readily available for traders when they download MetaTrader 4, and MetaTrader 5. In addition to brokers and their trading platforms, third-party charting tools like TradingView also offer free currency price charts.

Now, while every chart—whether it’s for Forex, stocks, or any other market—represents a price movement over a specific period of time, there are several Forex chart types with distinct visualisation techniques. The most popular charts are specifically:

Line charts

A line chart is the most fundamental and straightforward price depiction in forex. It just labels several pricing points for a certain item on the diagram and then draws a continuous line connecting the places that are close to one another.

Line charts are really simple to interpret, but they’re actually too basic. They only show the closing values of currency pairings, which explains why. Therefore, the line chart wouldn’t give that information to traders who wanted it, such as opening or highest/lowest prices.

Bar charts

Bar charts are more detailed and provide more pricing than line FX chart styles, in contrast. In essence, this bar shows four distinct prices for a currency pair during a specified time frame, which might be minutes, hours, days, or longer.

The top and bottom ends of the bar reflect the asset’s highest and lowest prices during that time period. A brief vertical line on the left displays the starting price, and a similar one on the right displays the closing price. For obvious reasons, bar charts are far more sophisticated than line charts: whereas a line chart only shows one price, a bar chart shows four separate prices. But even the bars are insufficient for the most complicated form of graphic.

Candlestick – the most popular FX market chart

Because of this, candlestick charts, which essentially mix the first two types, exist. The most common tool for displaying Forex price changes over a specified time period is a candlestick chart.

The candlestick chart displays four prices over a longer length of time (depending on the trader’s choices), whereas line charts and bar charts only display one price over a longer period of time. Briefly stated, each bar represents a certain time period and displays the opening, closing, and high and low values of a currency pair.

The “true body” of this sort of chart, which is the area between the two short vertical lines (open/close), shows whether a transaction was profitable or unsuccessful. If the true body is white or green, the trader sold a pair at a higher price and made a profit since the opening price was lower than the closing price. Additionally, if the genuine body is black or red, the trader lost money since the pair was sold at a loss because the beginning price was greater than the closing price.

How to Predict Forex Charts?

The world’s currency exchange market, or forex, is where foreign currencies are purchased and traded. Currency pairings are used by the market to assess one currency’s relative strength versus the other. The paired amounts display how much of the second currency (the quotation) can be obtained with one unit of the first currency (the base). Forex traders use forex charts to assess currency pair movement and forecast trends. You may be able to Make Money in Forex by buying and selling currency if you can accurately recognise a trend.

How Do You Analyze A Forex Market?

Retail forex day traders utilise forex analysis to choose whether to buy or sell specific currency pairs. It may be of a technical character and make use of resources like charting tools. It may also be basic in character, employing news-based events or economic data.

Fundamental Analysis

Monitoring statistics like interest rates, unemployment rates, and other sorts of economic data is a common way for fundamental analysts to track movements in the forex market. For instance, data on the interest rates in the Eurozone would be more helpful than data on the U.S. for a trader undertaking a fundamental analysis of the EUR/USD currency pair.

Technical Analysis

Both manual and automatic technologies are used for technical analysis. The removal of behavioural economics from trading choices makes automated analysis superior to manual analysis. Forex systems predict the future direction of a certain currency based on previous price movements.

Weekend Analysis

Weekend analysis is comparable to an architect creating a plan for a structure to guarantee a more efficient construction process. You may use it to help you make trade strategies for the upcoming week.

Final Thoughts

There are several trading strategies, all of which use price patterns to identify entry and stop points. The head and shoulders and triangle patterns on forex charts offer entry, stops, and profit objectives in a pattern that is simple to identify. The engulfing candlestick pattern offers insight into prospective trend participation with a set entry and stops level as well as potential trend reversal.

      Forex Broker Review
      Compare items
      • Total (0)
      Shopping cart