What Are Candlesticks in Forex?

FxBrokerReviews.org – The high, low, open, and closing values of securities for a certain time period are shown on a candlestick price chart, a form of price chart used in technical analysis. Before it gained popularity in the US, it was first used by Japanese rice merchants and dealers to monitor market prices and daily momentum. Investors can determine if the closing price was greater or lower than the opening price by examining the “real body,” the broad portion of the candlestick.

An Introduction To Candlesticks

The shadows cast by the candlestick depict the high and low points of the day and how they relate to the open and close. The link between the day’s high, low, opening, and closing prices determines the form of a candlestick.

Technical analysts use candlesticks to decide when to join and exit trades because they show how investor mood affects the price of securities. Candlestick charting is based on a method for monitoring the price of rice that was created in Japan in the 1700s. Candlestick trading is an effective method for trading any liquid financial instrument, including stocks, futures, and foreign currency.

Long white/green candlesticks show intense purchasing pressure, which often denotes a positive price trend. However, rather than examining them separately, we should consider them in light of the market structure. For instance, if a long white candle appears at a significant price support level, it is likely to be more significant. Long black-and-red candlesticks show strong selling pressure. This implies that the price is declining. Price drops noticeably downward after the open and then rises to finish close to the high, forming a popular bullish candlestick reversal pattern known as a hammer. The hanging man is the bearish candlestick’s equal. These candlesticks, which resemble square lollipops, are frequently utilised by traders who are seeking to predict the top or bottom of a market.

Have you heard about Candlesticks in forex?

Forex candlesticks are a crucial tool for day trading methods since they are particularly helpful in providing insight into the short-term price fluctuations of the markets.

The open, the close, and the wicks are the three distinct points that make up a candlestick. If the closing price is higher than the open, the candle will become green or blue (the colour depending on the chart settings). If the closing price is less than the open, the candle will turn red.

If the chart is set to daily, each candle represents a single day, with the open price being the first price exchanged and the close price representing the final price transacted.

  • Open price: The initial traded price throughout the development of a new candle is represented by the open price
  • High price: The upper wick’s peak. The high price is the open price of a bearish candle or the closing price of a bullish candle if there is no upper wick.
  • Low cost: The lower wick’s bottom. The low price is the open price of a bullish candle or the closing price of a bearish candle if there is no lower wick.
  • Close price: The final price exchanged during the candle’s creation is referred to as the close price.

Why do forex traders prefer using candlestick charts over traditional charts?

Due to their greater visual appeal, candlestick charts are the most common charts among forex traders. Compared to other charts, such as the bar chart or line chart, candlestick charts more clearly show the open and close of various time periods.

Candlestick charts provide the following benefits:

  • On candlestick charts, as opposed to other types, forex price changes are easier to understand.
  • On candlestick charts, price patterns and price activity are simpler to spot.
  • Compared to line charts, candlestick charts include more price data (open, close, high, and low).

However, candlestick charts have a few drawbacks.

  • Amateur forex traders may be led astray by candles that close in the colour green or red into believing that the market will continue to move in that direction.
  • Because they are not as straightforward as line charts or bar charts, candlestick charts may clog a page.

Forex candlestick patterns strategy

When watching currency pairings, traders may use candlestick reversal patterns in forex to spot trend reversals, breakouts, and continuations. In order to prevent the capital loss, this gives traders cues to adjust their holdings, short sell, or add more stop-losses. By placing support lines on candlestick graphs, technical analysis uses uptrends and downtrends in the FX market to identify trends.

All that you need to know about candle chart in forex 

Traders use price patterns and candlestick formations as entry and exit points in the market. Individual forex candlesticks can be used to create various candle formations, including the shooting star, hammer, and hanging man. Forex candlestick charts also form various price patterns like triangles, wedges, and head and shoulders patterns.

While these patterns and candle formations are prevalent throughout forex charts they also work with other markets, like equities (stocks) and cryptocurrencies.

Forex trading with candle formations:

  1. The Hanging man:

A candlestick shape known as the hanging man candle shows a significant rise in selling pressure at the peak of an upswing. It has a tiny body, a close below the open, a long lower wick, a short upper wick, and all of these characteristics.

It is a warning indicator that the market’s downward trend will continue. A smart method to acquire some of the entry and exit signs that are important when utilising candlestick charts is to become familiar with the hanging man candle and other candle shapes.

The weekly period of the GBP/USD is displayed in the chart below. This implies that each candle represents the high, low, open, and closing price for a particular week. A bearish indicator may be seen in the below hanging man candle (circled). This type of bearish indication is used by traders to enter short trades, which are bets on the GBP losing value against the USD.

When executing a short trade using the hanging man, a trader should set up a stop loss and take profit with a favourable risk-reward ratio.

  1. Shooting Star

A bearish reversal candle with a wick that is at least half the length of the candle, like the hanging man, is known as a shooting star candle formation. The extended wick indicates that there are more sellers than buyers. An illustration of a short entry into the market or a long exit would be a shooting star.

By executing a short trade after the shooting star candle has closed, traders can profit from the shooting star candle. Then, traders might set a stop loss order above the shooting star candle and aim for an earlier support level or a price that guarantees a favourable risk-reward ratio. Successful traders have been demonstrated to have a favourable risk-reward ratio.

  1. Hammer

The opposite of the shooting stars is essentially the hammer candle configuration. It is a bullish reversal candle, indicating that positive sentiment is beginning to prevail over bearish sentiment. It is distinguished by its compact body and lengthy wick. Traders would enter the market slowly with a hammer and depart quickly.

A forex trader may utilise the hammer candle formation as seen in the image below to enter a long trade while positioning a stop-loss below the hammer candle and a take-profit at a high enough level to guarantee a favourable risk-reward ratio.

  1. Black marubozu

Black marubozu is an important candlestick pattern that provides important information about selling pressure. Rectangular black marubozu candlesticks have no or very little top or bottom shadow. These signify market selling pressure and demonstrate that bears were in charge from the day’s starting bell to its closing bell. A marubozu trading method can be useful for identifying key support and resistance levels as well as possible price levels that are about to be reached.

  1. White marubozu

Similar to their black counterparts, white marubozus show that prices are being influenced by consumer demand. These are rectangular blocks with almost no or very minor top or bottom shadows. In an uptrend, white marubozus typically indicate continuance; in a downtrend, they can suggest a probable trend reversal.

  1. Doji

Doji, also known as crosses, are often formed from a single candlestick and they indicate that a candlestick’s starting and closing prices are nearly identical. Doji candles look like crosses, crosses that have been inverted, or plus signs. Dojis are frequently used in technical analysis to denote neutrality, which indicates that the trend is likely to continue. A doji’s shadows or wicks are a key sign of the mood of the market. A longer shadow at the bottom of the candlestick denotes the presence of selling pressure, while a longer shadow at the top suggests investors sought to push the price upward but were unsuccessful.

  1. Engulfing pattern

A huge candlestick that extends higher and lower than the preceding candlestick (actually enveloping it) is an indication of an engulfing candlestick pattern (bullish/bearish market), which denotes a potential trend reversal. Analysts are more likely to pay attention to an engulfing candlestick that is larger in size. While a white engulfing candlestick can portend an impending bullish reversal in a downtrend, a black engulfing candlestick signals a likely negative reversal during an uptrend. Learn more about trading in a bear market.

  1. Three-line strike

The term “three-line strike pattern” describes a sequence of three consecutive white candlesticks on a daily chart, signifying that three consecutive days saw higher closing prices. Three-line strikes typically occur toward the bottom of a downtrend, suggesting that a reversal may be imminent.

  1. Three black crows

Three black successive candlesticks on a daily chart with closing prices that were lower than the day’s beginning price are known as “three-black crows,” which are a popular reversal forex indicator in an uptrend. These are formed by three consecutive long-bodied black candlesticks, which show a lack of market purchasing confidence that allowed bears to successfully drive prices lower.

  1.  Evening star

Evening star candlestick patterns typically appear at the peak of an uptrend and indicate the impending reversal of the trend. The first candlestick of an evening star, which consists of three candlesticks and shows that prices closed higher than the opening level, has a disproportionately big green or white body. After a gap, the second candlestick opens higher, indicating that market demand is still strong. In an evening star pattern, the second candlestick is typically tiny, with prices closing below the opening level. The third and final evening star candlestick, which shows that selling pressure reversed gains from the first day’s starting levels, opens lower following a gap.

How to interpret candlesticks while trading FX?

The difference between the day’s opening and closing prices is shown in the candlestick’s body. In order to make it simpler to determine whether a candlestick is bullish or bearish, most candlesticks are coloured. The hollow spaces above and below the body of the candlestick are referred to as shadows.

A candlestick with a coloured body (often represented by black or red) would signify that the closing price was lower than the opening price for that day, whereas a candlestick with a transparent body (typically indicated by white or green) would show the opposite.

Wondering how to understand candlesticks patterns in forex?

Candlestick patterns can be a helpful predictor of prospective trend reversals and price breakouts in the market when used in conjunction with other types of analysis, assisting you in creating a stronger and more successful forex trading strategy.

What are the dangers of using a forex candlestick patterns trading strategy? You are continuously exposed to market risk when trading in the financial markets. In trading patterns and research, traders should be conscious of the potential risk associated with algorithmic trading. This employs information at the speed of light and has the power to change the environment at any time by employing data that the trader might not have access to.

Reliability Candlestick Patterns

Not every candlestick pattern performs as well as others. Due to analysis and exploitation by hedge funds and their algorithms, their enormous popularity has reduced reliability. These well-funded players compete with regular investors and traditional fund managers that use technical analysis tactics by executing trades at lightning speeds.

In other words, hedge fund managers employ algorithms to lure in traders seeking outcomes with high probabilities of being bullish or negative. Nevertheless, consistent patterns keep emerging, providing both short- and long-term profit potential.

Thomas Bulkowski’s 2008 book, “Encyclopedia of Candlestick Charts,” which created performance rankings for candlestick patterns, is the foundation for measuring reliability.

He provides data for two categories of anticipated pattern outcomes:

  • Candlestick reversal patterns foretell a shift in price movement.
  • Continuation patterns indicate that the present price trend will continue.

Which candlestick pattern is trustworthy?

Different traders like various patterns and consider them to be the most trustworthy. Three White Soldiers, Deliberation, and Morning Star (bullish patterns) are among the most well-known, albeit not always the most dependable, as are Three Black Crows, Identical Three Crows, and Evening Star (bearish patterns).

How Effective Is the Candlestick Pattern?

Successful traders frequently employ candlestick patterns. However, because computers can perform it more quickly, computerised trading is eating away at the profits of human traders. However, it has been demonstrated that a small number of chosen patterns are unusually accurate.

Wondering how to read candlestick patterns?

Traders interpret a candle pattern based on the actions they think the market will take when it appears. For instance, Three White Soldiers predicts a significant bullish trade reversal, which means prices should rise. Three Black Crows should signal a significant bearish trade reversal, meaning prices should be moving lower. Every pattern can be viewed in a different way.

Pros and Cons of Candlesticks in forex


  • better than conventional charts.
  • a psychological perspective
  • Simple to comprehend


  • Lagged indication.
  • Unpredictability and challenges in risk management.

Final thoughts

Market participants are drawn to candlestick patterns, but many of the reversal and continuation signals that these patterns emanate don’t consistently function in the current electronic world.

Traders can draw from, customise, and employ a variety of Japanese candlestick patterns included in our award-winning trading platform, NAGA, to strengthen their trading tactics in the forex market.


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